Learning Disabilities 101

There are many different types of learning disabilities. If you think your child may have a learning disability, it’s important to be familiar with all the different types of learning disabilities and behavioral disorders that may be affecting your child.

Types of Learning Disabilities

Dyslexia – learning disabilities with reading

Typically, your child will have one of two types of reading issues. Some children struggle to understand the way sounds and letters combine to make words. And some children have reading comprehension issues where there is a difficulty with understanding the meaning of words and phrases.

Dyscalculia – learning disabilities with math

Learning disabilities that affect a child’s math skills can include a visual disorder or a struggle with sequencing, a language learning disability, or organization and memory.

Dysgraphia – learning disabilities with writing

This can either involve the mental activity that allows children to comprehend and synthesize information or the physical act of writing.

Aphasia/dysphasia – learning disabilities with language

Language-based disorders typically present themselves with issues with verbal language skills like the inability to understand parts of speech or the meaning of words, the inability to retell a story, or the fluency of speech.

Dyspraxia – learning disabilities with motor skills

These include problems with coordination and movement.

Visual processing disorder – difficulty processing visual information

Auditory processing disorder – difficulty processing auditory information

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD is not an actual learning disability, but children who do have ADHD may have issues with learning.

Autism and Asperger’s syndrome – Autism and Asperger’s are not considered learning disabilities but may affect the way a child learns and communicates.